نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد زاهدان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زاهدان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران

چکیده

امروزه طرح هادی روستایی مهمترین ابزار مدیریت توسعه روستایی در ایران است. این طرح­ها عمدتا جنبه­های کالبدی روستاها را مورد توجه قرار می­دهند و بخش عمده قابل اجرا یا اجرا شده طرح­های هادی روستاهای کشور نیز جنبه کالبدی دارند. در این راستا، هدف اصلی این پژوهش، بررسی اثرات اجرای طرح هادی در توسعه روستای خراشاد می­باشد. این پژوهش از نظر ماهیت از نوع توصیفی- تحلیلی است که در روش توصیفی داده­ها با استفاده از مطالعات کتابخانه­ای و عملیات میدانی با استفاده از پرسش­نامه جمع­آوری شده است. در روش تحلیلی، با توجه به فرضیه­های پژوهش، از ­ آزمون همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شده است. جامعه آماری در این پژوهش، سرپرستان خانوار روستای خراشاد، می­باشند که  77 نفر از آنان با استفاده از فرمول کوکران محاسبه شده است و پرسش­نامه در بین آن­ها توزیع گردید. روایی پرسش­نامه با نظر کارشناسان و پژوهشگران در زمینه موضوع مورد پژوهش مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که، ساکنین روستا، از اجرایی شدن طرح هادی در روستا رضایت دارند و میزان اثرگذاری و موفقیت طرح هادی را در ارتباط با شاخص­های مسکن، کالبدی، بهداشت و کاربری اراضی خوب ارزیابی کردند. با  اجرایی شدن طرح هادی، شبکه ی معابر و مسیر پیاده روها اصلاح شده است که باعث سهولت رفت و آمد روستاییان و همچنین با ایجاد شیب در معابر، جدول گذاری و قرار دادن جوی­ها باعث بهبود و کیفیت معابر و دسترسی آسانتر به خدمات شده است و علاوه بر آن، در زمینه­ی معیار بهداشت، جمع­آوری زباله، دفع آب­های سطحی و پسماندهای منازل که یکی از اثرات اجرایی مورد انتظار از طرح هادی روستایی تأثیر بر روی بهداشت محیط و وضعیت زیست محیطی روستاهاست می­توان میزان موفقیت طرح هادی را در ارتباط با شاخص­های  بهداشت مشاهده کرد.

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