Abdur, R., & Rogally, B. (2003). Internal seasonal migration, livelihood and voulnerability in india: case study. migration pro-poor policy choices asia conference at Dhaka Bangladesh, 22-24 jun 2003 www.livelihoods.org.
Adamo, S. (2003). social sustainability and social resilians rural communities in dry lands: the case of jachal(Argentina) in the 19 th centuries association. Dallas.Texas.
Akbarpoor, M., Motiy, L., S.H., Rezvani, M. R. & Noorbakhsh, S. M. (2013). Explain the Survival Strategies of the Rural Settlements Population, the Case Study: Hashtrood County, Journal of rural research
,5, (4), 893-910. (In Persian
Anderson, Jack R. )2003(. risk in rural development, challenges for managers and policy makers. Rural development department, world bank.
Azkia, M. (2003). Rural development with emphasis on rural society of Iran. Ney Publishing, Tehran. (In Persian)
Baghaiy, M., Baghaiy, M. &, Noroozi, O. (2005). Rural migration challenge for developing countries. Jihad, 273. (In Persian)
Barrow.c.j. (2006). environment management for sustainable development. Routldge. london.
Chandrasekhar, S., Mousumi D., & Ajay, Sh. (2014). Short-term Migration and Consumption Expenditure of Households in Rural India. Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, March 2014.
Chizari, M., Baghaiy, M., & Norouzi, O. (2006). Rural migration challenge for developing countries. socio-economic, Scientific Journal, Jihad, Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 273, Tehran. (In Persian)
De Brauw, A. (2007). Seasonal migration and agriculture in Vietnam. ESA working paper No .07-04 agriculture development conomics devision, The food and agriculture organization of The unoted nation ,www.fao.org/es/esa.
De Haas, H. (2008). Migration and development: A theoretical perspective. international migration institute, paper NO.9, UK.
Deshingkar & Start. (2003). seasonal migration for livelihoods in India: coping, accumulation and exclusion. Overseas development institute, working paper 220.
Deshingkar, P., & Farrington, J. (2009). Circular migration and multi locational livelihood strategies in rural India. Oxford university press, New Delhi.
Develyn, R., & Newland, K. (2007). Circular migration and development: trends, policy routs and ways forward.MPI, program on migrants migration and development.
Fawcett, T., & James, Al. (1982). Reason for moving and migration behavior world development. 10 (4), 98-129.
Gharebaghi, M., (1996). Explores some of the economic factors affecting the labor migration in Iran. the Ministry of Finance and Economic issues, Tehran. (In Persian)
Gill, Gerard.j. (2003). seasonal labour migration in rural Nepal: a preliminary overview. overseas development institute working paper, London.
Governor of Kurdistan. (2013). Statistical Yearbook 1393, Kurdistan province. (In Persian)
Hebefeld, Y., & et al. (1999). Seasonal migration of rural India. population research and policy review.
Jawan, J. (2006). Population geography. Mashhad University, (3rd Eds), Mashhad. (In Persian)
Jomepour, M. (2007). The relationship between the levels of development of villages and rural migration and expansion of Tehran quarterly. Journal of rural and develapment,
10 (3), 27-58. (In Persian
Korra, V. (2010). Natural and characteristics of seasonal labor migration: A case study in Maha bubnagay district of Andhra Pradesh. www.cds.edu. working paper 433.
Kumar, Y., & Ajay, A. (2014) linking separate worlds, understanding the process of rural- urban seasonal migration in India. Urban India, 34 (1), 9-33.
Lynch, K. (2007). Relations between urban and rural areas in developing countries. translated by Rezvani, M. R., & Sheikhi D. Payam Publishing, Tehran. (In Persian)
Mendola, M. (2006). rural out- migration and economic development at origin. Sussex centers for migration research, working paper no 40.
Moshfegh, M., & Yarahmadi, A. (2007). labor migration, employment in the informal labor market and the vulnerability. The Association of Iranian population, (3) the second year, Tehran, 155-172. (In Persian)
pacione, M. (2005). Urban geography. Routledge, London.
Papali, Y., M. H., & Ebrahimi, M. A. (2002), Theories of Rural Development, Tehran: Samt. (In Persian)
Rezaee, H., & Mohammad Yeganeh, B. (2013). Analysis of the drought and its effects on agriculture and rural migrations (the Case Study: Abarkouh county during the course of 1996-2005), Journal of Research and Rural Planning, 4,153-177. (In Persian)
Rogaly, B., & Coppard, D.,
Safique, A., Rana, K., Sengupta, A.,
& Biswas, J.
(2002). seasonal migration and welfare/illfare in eastern India: a A Social Analysis, The Journal of Development Studies
, 38 (5), 89-114.
Rogaly, B., & Coppard, D. (2003). They used to go to eat, now they go to earn: the changing meanings of seasonal Bengal, India. Journal of agrarian chang, 3 (3), 395-433.
Rogaly, Ben. (2003). who goes? Who stay back? Seasonal migration and stay put among rural manual workers in eastern India. Journal on international development, J. int.15, 623-632
Rogaly, B., & Biswas, h., Coppard, D., Rafique, A., Rana, K., & Sengupta, A. (2001). seasonal migration, social change and migrants and righets lesson from west Bengal. economic weekly, 36 949), 4547-4559.
Salmani, M., Rezvani, M. R., Pourtaheri, M. & Veisi, F. (2010). Effects the seasonal migration of labor in livelihood rural households (the Case Study: Sarvabad city-Kurdistan). HumanGeography Research (Geographical Research), 43, (77), 111-127. (In Persian)
Skeledon, R. (2004). Rural-urban migration and its impact on rural poverty reduction. the translation of Hamid, R., V, NOCR site (in Persian)
Skeldon, R. (2012). going around in circle: circular migration, poverty alleviation And Social analysis. Journal of development studies, 38 (5), 89-114.
Skeldon, R. (2012). Going Round in Circles: Circular Migration, Poverty alleviation and Marginality. international migration, 50 (3), 43-60.
Statistical Center of Iran. (2008). the detailed results of 2006. Statistics, Tehran. (In Persian)
Taherkhani, M., & Ruknaldineftekhari, A.R. (2004). Analyzes of the interaction between urban and rural and role of that in development villages in Qazvin province, modares Journal,8 (4), 65-81. (In Persian)
Tahir khani, M., (2002). Analysis of factors affecting the migration of rural / urban. modares Quarterly, Issue Paper 519, Department of Geographical Sciences and Remote Sensing, Tarbiat Modarres University, www.sid.ir. 67-93. (In Persian)
Todaro, M. (1988). Internal migration in developing countries. translation and Parvin chief Mustafa Everlasting person, the International Labor Office of Labor and Social Security Institute, Tehran. (In Persian)
Zanjani, H. (2001). Migration. Tehran: Samt. (In Persian)
Zare, B. (2007). The Economic and Social Demography. side. (3rd Eds), Tehran. (In Persian)
Zare, F. O. (2011). The Role of Employment in Reducing Rural Migration (the Case Study: Mashayekh Section, Mamasani County, M. A Thesis, Department of Geographical Sciences and Remote Sensing, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modarres University. (In Persian)
Zati, M., & Boostani, S. (2013). An analysis of the factors affecting rural areas to urban migration, Case mamasani county. quarterly Geographic Space,13 (48), 2013, 93-111 .(In Persian)
zohry, A. (2002). unskilled temporary labor migration from upper Egypt to cairo. CEDEJ conference.www.EGYPOP.ORG/azohry/thesis/.