بررسی پیامدهای اقتصادی و اجتماعی احداث آزادراه در سکونتگاه‌های روستایی (مطالعه‌موردی: دهستان میانکوه‌شرقی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

2 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت محیطی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، ایران

چکیده

توسعه اقتصادی و اجتماعی سکونتگاه‌های روستایی کاملا مشروط به وجود زیرساخت ها و خدمات اساسی به خصوص حمل و نقل می باشد. توسعه سکونتگاه‌های روستایی نیز موجب توسعه بخش های مختلف اقتصادی، اجتماعی و صنعتی می شود. بنابراین در این مقاله با استفاده از روش کتابخانه ای و میدانی (پرسش نامه) به بررسی اثرات اقتصادی و اجتماعی حمل و نقل آزادراه‌ها خرم‌آباد – پل زال بر مناطق روستایی در دهستان میانکوه شرقی در شهرستان پلدختر پرداخته شده است. عملیات ساخت این آزادراه‌ها از سال ۱۳۸۴ در حد فاصل دو شهر خرم‌آباد و اندیمشک به طول ۱۰۴ آغاز شده بود و در تاریخ ۱۱ آبان ۱۳۸۹ به صورت رسمی به بهره‌برداری رسید. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل خانوارهای روستایی دهستان میانکوه شرقی می باشد (514=N)، که 103 خانوار با استفاده از فرمول کُوکران (تعداد 12 روستا) بعنوان نمونه انتخاب شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات از آزمون t تک نمونه ای، آزمون رتبه ای فریدمن، رگرسیون خطی و تحلیل مسیر استفاده شده است. نتایج حاصله از تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات بدست آمده نشان -دهنده تاثیر مثبت آزادراه بر شاخص های اقتصادی و اجتماعی در محدوده مورد مطالعه بوده، بطوری که باعث افزایش درآمد خانوارهای روستایی، افزایش میزان دسترسی خانوارها به بازار فروش برای محصولات کشاورزی، افزایش قیمت زمین های کشاورزی، افزایش دسترسی به موارد بهداشتی و آموزشی و افزایش کیفیت زندگی در روستاهای منطقه مورد مطالعه شده است.

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