نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیارگروه فیزیک، واحد یادگار امام خمینی (ره)شهرری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری شهرسازی، گروه شهرسازی، واحد شهرقدس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

وقوع زلزله باعث خسارت های زیادی به بناهای شهری شده که ناشی از عدم توجه به شناخت عوامل اساسی در آسیب پذیری در برابر زلزله می باشد، از اینرو لازم است که به بررسی و تحلیل متغیرهای تأثیر گذار کالبدی در آسیب پذیری لرزه ای پرداخته و نقش هر کدام را در جهت کاهش آسیب پذیری مشخص نمود. هدف این مقاله مطالعه اصولی و مشخص کردن و شناسایی نقاط آسیب پذیر در برابر خطر زلزله در ناحیه با توجه به معیارهای سازه ای مانند (نوع سازه و مصالح، کیفیت ،قدمت و عمر ساختمان، تعداد طبقات ساختمان، کاربری زمین، معابر)، است تا آسیب ناشی از زلزله در ناحیه منفصل شهری بابا ریز سنندج را کاهش داده و فراهم آوردن امکان برنامه ریزی درست بوده است. روش تحقیق، توصیفی- تحلیلی و موردی است. تکنیک گردآوری آمار و اطلاعات، با استفاده از روش ها اسنادی می باشد. و از مدلTOPSIS،  نرم افزارهای GIS و excel  برای جهت تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات استفاده شده است. بیشترین آسیب پذیری به ترتیب در ناحیه 2، 4،3 می باشد و ناحیه 1 از کمترین آسیب پذیری برخوردار است. بطورکلی می توان گفت، شمال غربی شهر و بافت مرکزی شهر جزء نواحی پرخطر و نواحی شرقی جز نواحی کم خطر در زمان وقوع زلزله می باشند. با توجه به متغیرهای کالبدی (سازه ای)، بیشترین احتمال آسیب پذیری کالبدی موثر را به ترتیب معابر، سازه و مصالح، تعداد طبقات ساختمانی را در آسیب پذیری از زلزله خواهند داشت، و کمترین نقش را کیفیت و عمر ساختمان و کاربری زمین خواهند بود.

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