Abedini, M., & Moghimi, E. (2012). the role of geomorphological bottlenecks in the physical development of metropolis of Tabriz for optimal use, Geography and environmental planning, 23 (1), 147 - 166. (In Persian)
Ali Nejad Tayebi, K. (2010). an Analysis of the Physical-Physical Development of the City of Firouzabad, Isfahan: University of Isfahan, Master's Thesis for Geography. (In Persian)
Almizadeh, H. (2003). Usage of geomorphology in the development and limitation of Karaj city, Geography and Development Magazine, 18, 63-67. (In Persian)
Avijit, G., & Rafi, A. (2004). Geomorphology and the urban tropics: building an interface between research and usage, University of Leeds, School of Geography.
Bahmanian, M. R., & Mahmoudinejad, H. (2008). Theories of physical development of the city, Tehran: Publications of the Organization of Municipalities and Dignitaries of the country. (In Persian)
Batisane, N., Yarnal, B. (2008). Urban expansion in Centre County, Pennsylvania: Spatial dynamics and Landscape transformations, Applied Geography, Volume 29, Issue 2, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2008.08.007. pp. 235-249.
Bhata, B., Sarawati, S., & Bandyopadhyay, D. (2010). Quantifying the degree-of-freedom. degree-of-sprawel, and degree-of-goodness of urban growth from remote sensing data. Applied Geography, 30, 96-111.
Devana, A. M., & Yamaguchib, Y. (2009). Landus and land cover change in Dhaka, Bangladesh: Using remote Sensing to promote Sustainable urbanization. Applied Geography, 31, 390-401.
Douglas, J. (1983). The urban environment, London: Edward Arnold.
Ebrahimzadeh, E., & Rafiee, Gh. (2009). an analysis of the spatial expansion pattern of the city of Marvdasht. Quarterly Journal of Human Geography, 42 (69), 123-138. (In Persian)
Guha, A., Kumar, K., & Lesslie. A. (2008). Geomorphological mapping planning and development-A case for Korba city, Chhattisgarh. Research Communication, 97, 12-25.
Jabari, A., R., Sh. (2007). Geomorphology of Urban Areas. Side Publishing. (In Persian)
Jiang, L., Deng, X., Seto, K.C. (2013). The impact of urban expansion on agricultural land use intensity in China. Land Use Policy, 35, 33-39.
Kaya. S., & Curran, P.J. (2006). Monitoring urban growth on the European side of the Istanbul metropolitan area. international journal of applied earth observation and geoinformation, 8, 18-25.
Masina, Nkosingiphile B. (2003), Planning the Growth of Peri Urban Settlements, Sace Study of Maazini in Swaziland, ITC, Swaziland.
Masoom, J. (2001). Problems of Small Towns Management. Monthly Publications, 3 (28), 28, 5-13. (In Persian)
May, M. E. Dlala, M., & Chenini, I. (2010). Urban geological mapping: Geotechnical data analysis for rational development planning. Engineering Geology, 116, 129-138.
Mousavi, M. R. (2005). Principles and Foundations of Architecture and Urbanism, Center for Urban Studies and Architecture. Ministry of Housing, First Edition. (In Persian)
Negaresh, h (2003). Application of geomorphology in city allocation and its implications, Geography and Development, Year 1, No. 133, pp. 1-147. (In Persian).
Pourahmad, A., Yad Qar, A., & Kiumars H. (2003). Review of Sanandaj urban development trend using GIS and RS. Fine Arts magazine, 16, 15-32. (In Persian)
Rezaei Moghaddam, M., & Saqafi M. (2009). Usage of New Techniques for Classification and Analysis of Geomorphologic Dangers in the Development of the City of Tabriz, Moderator of Humanities, 9 (1), 47-75. (In Persian)
Sarwati, M.R., Khezri, S., & Rahmani, T. (2009). Examination of natural developmental constraints in Sanandaj. Natural Geography Research, 67, 13- 29. (In Persian)
Setayeshi, H., Roustai, Sh., Omrani, D.M., & Zarezizadeh, N. (2014). Investigation of geomorphological bottlenecks and its effect on physical development of the city using GIS and AHP method (Case study: Givi city). Quantitative geomorphology studies, 2 (4), 1-16. (In Persian)
Taqian, A.R., & Gholam Heidari, H. (2013). Geomorphologic Potentials and Obstacles of Physical Development of Yasuj City Using AHP Model. Journal of Applied Geomorphology, 1 (2), 99-115. (In Persian)
Thapa, B. R., & Muyama, Y. (2010). Drivers of urban in the Kathmandau valley, Nepal: Examining the efficacy of analytic hierarchy process. Applied Geography, 30, 70-83.
Weng, Y.C. (2007). Spatiotemporal changes of landscape pattern in response to urbanization. Landscape and Urban Planning, 81, 341-353.
Zangi Abadi, A. (1992). Spatial Analysis of the Physical Development Model of Kerman, Master's thesis, Tarbiat Modares University. Tehran. (In Persian)