نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، واحد دورود ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، درود، ایران

3 دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، واحد تیران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تیران، ایران

چکیده

در زمینه تحقق گردشگری پایدار، بسترهایی مورد نیاز است که از مهمترین آن­ها شاخص امنیت اجتماعی است. شاخص امنیت اجتماعی در روستاهای گردشگری، سبب جذب گردشگر و پایدارسازی این مفهوم در جامعه روستایی خواهد شد. بنابراین باید این شاخص در جامعه روستایی بخوبی نهادینه و چارچوب لازم آن فراهم گردد. در این تحقیق هدف  شناخت و تحلیل امنیت اجتماعی در روستاهای هدف گردشگری در استان اصفهان در راستای کمک به توسعه توریسم از طریق شناسایی وضعیت موجود بوده است. روش تحقیق، توصیفی-تحلیلی و مبتنی بر مطالعه پیمایشی از طریق ابزار پرسش نامه می­باشد. جامعه آماری این تحقیق را گردشگران وارد شده به این روستاها تشکیل می­دهند که با توجه به نبود آمار دقیق در زمینه جامعه مورد تحقیق و با توجه به محدودیت های موجود در زمینه پرسشگری، تعداد 250 گردشگر برای عملیات پرسشگری تعیین شد. نتایج بررسی آزمون آماری نشان می­دهد که پنج متغیر امنیت جانی، امنیت مالی، امنیت محیط فیزیکی، امنیت اخلاقی و امنیت انتظامی با سطح معناداری برابر با 000/0 در شرایط خوب، سه متغیر امنیت ارتباطی-حمل و نقل، امنیت بهداشتی-درمانی و متغیر تعامل و ارتباط با سطح معناداری بیشتر از 05/0 در وضعیت متوسط و دو متغیر امنیت نهادی- سیاسی و امنیت ذهنی- فکری گردشگران با سطح معناداری کمتر از 05/0 در شرایط ضعیفی قرار دارند. بررسی مدل نشان می­دهد که امنیت اجتماعی در توسعه گردشگری با مقدار اثر کل 668/0 اثرگذار است. در مجموع امنیت اجتماعی حدود 45 درصد واریانس گردشگری در روستاهای هدف را در استان اصفهان تبیین می­نماید.

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