نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشکده جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی، گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری دانشکده جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی، گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

عادات سفر نقش کلیدی در انتخاب شیوه سفر دارند به‌گونه‌ای که ساختاربندی و هدایت تمایلات کاربران بر اساس منافع جمعی منجر به شکل‌بندی ارگانیک ظرفیت‌های برنامه‌ریزی حمل‌ونقل شهری می‌شود. هدف این مقاله، شناسایی الگوی دائمی استفاده از شیوه‌های حمل‌ونقل خصوصی و عمومی در جهت برنامه‌ریزی رفتار حمل‌ونقل کلان‌شهر تبریز هست. بدین منظور از روش خوشه‌ای برای طبقه‌بندی مسافران بر اساس شاخص عادت یا تکرار مدل خاص سفر استفاده‌شده است. روش‌شناسی مقاله، توصیفی، تحلیلی و پیمایشی است. جمع‌آوری داده‌ها در قالب پرسشنامه و اخذ نظرات در حوزه جابجایی عمومی در سطح شهر تبریز صورت گرفت. برآورد نمونه‌ها با استفاده از فرمول کوکران برابر با 1100 نفر برای 166 ناحیه ترافیکی تبریز به‌صورت نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای یک مرحله‌ای و به‌صورت تصادفی تعیین گردید و با آزمون‌های واریانس چند متغیری تجزیه‌وتحلیل گردید. بر اساس یافته‌های تحقیق هفت الگو شیوه انتخاب سفر شناسایی شد که دراین‌بین کاربران باقابلیت تغییر شیوه سفر و کاربران حمل‌ونقل عمومی، خوشه‌های کلیدی به شمار می‌روند که رفتار و ویژگی‌های متفاوتی را نسبت به سایر خوشه‌ها نشان می‌دهند. بنابراین این تفکر که الگوهای مختلف شیوه سفر مسافران ممکن است در جهت اثربخشی برنامه‌های حمل‌ونقل به روش‌های متفاوت متمایل شوند را تائید می‌کنند.

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