بررسی مقایسه‌ای عوامل مؤثر بر رکود دامداری سنتی در دو ناحیه‌ی دشتی و کوهستانی (مطالعه موردی: دهستان القچین از توابع شهرستان چرام)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

چکیده

جامعه‌ی روستایی و عشایری کشور، جامعه‌ای است که اساس دامداری آن به شیوه‌ی سنتی و بهره‌برداری از مراتع بناشده است. علی‌رغم سهم بسزای نظام‌های دامداری سنتی در تولید بخش اعظمی از شیر و گوشت موردنیاز کشور، از شرایط ناپایداری برای ادامه حیات خود برخوردارند، مهم‌ترین این عوامل: تحلیل منابع طبیعی، روی آوردن به تکنولوژی‌های مدرن صنعتی، بالا رفتن سطح بهداشت و فرهنگ و یا... می‌باشد که موجب گردیده تا این شیوه سنتی معیشت، در برخی از نقاط روستایی باسابقه‌ای دیرینه رو به رکود نهد. ازاین‌رو، هدف از این تحقیق، بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر رکود دامداری سنتی در روستاهای موردمطالعه است. روش‌شناسی تحقیق ازنظر هدف، کاربردی و ازنظر روش، توصیفی – تحلیلی می‌باشد. جامعه‌ی آماری تحقیق حاضر شامل خانوارهای دامدار ساکن دهستان القچین از توابع شهرستان چرام است. حجم نمونه با بهره‌گیری از فرمول کوکران، دربرگیرنده‌ی تعداد 198 خانوار دامدار معین شد. داده‌های مربوط به دو ناحیه به‌وسیله‌ی نرم‌افزار SPSS از طریق به‌کارگیری آزمون‌های آماری مناسب، مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفت. طبق آزمون آماری مان ویتنی که در سطح اطمینان ۹۵ درصد گرفته شد، نتایج به‌دست‌آمده نشان می‌دهند در شاخص‌های میزان برگزاری دوره‌های آموزشی- ترویجی و هزینه‌ی دارو و دامپزشک با مقدار Sig. (2-tailed) =.000 بیشترین اختلاف معنی‌دار بین دو ناحیه استنتاج می‌شود؛ و در شاخص‌های اجرای طرح و عملیات‌هایی جهت حفظ محیط‌زیست با مقدار Sig. (2-tailed) =.833 و سرمایه‌گذاری در سایر فعالیت‌های دامدار با مقدار Sig. (2-tailed) =.567 بیشترین یکسانی وضعیت در دو ناحیه و عدم وجود تفاوت معنادار حاصل گردیده است.

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