نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد یار جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی ،دانشگاه خوارزمی،تهران، ایران

4 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مفهوم همکاری و هماهنگی نهادی به عنوان یکی از عناصر کلیدی دستیابی به مدیریت مشارکتی منابع همواره مورد تاکید بوده است. این پژوهش با هدف شناخت الگوی ساختاری روابط نهادی 28 سازمان مرتبط با اجرای مدیریت مشارکتی منابع آب زراعی شهرستان رشت  انجام شده است. بدین منظور از  روش تحلیل شبکه اجتماعی و  شاخص های اندازه، تراکم ، مرکزیت کل شبکه، میزان دوسویگی، انتقال یافتگی و کوتاهترین فاصله میان دو کنشگر در سطح کلان استفاده شد. نتایج این مطالعه بر اساس اندازه گیری شاخص های تعیین شده  نشان می دهدکه از تعداد 756 پیوند احتمالی که  می توانست در این شبکه شکل بگیرد،  فقط 227 مورد آن(حدود یک سوم) به وقوع پیوسته است. میزان تراکم پیوند تبادل اطلاعات و همکاری در بین سازمان‌های مورد مطالعه 30 درصد است که با توجه به مقادیر تراکم و تمرکز اندازه گیری شده ، می‌توان بیان نمود که میزان انسجام نهادی در بین سازمان‌های دولتی و غیردولتی مورد مطالعه در حد ضعیف می‌باشد. بر این اساس می توان تقویت انسجام سازمانی با بررسی نقش تک تک کنش گران در شبکه را توصیه نمود. از طرف دیگر دوسویگی پیوندهای شبکه مورد مطالعه 23.37 درصد بوده که نشان از تمرکز شبکه و ضرورت تقویت جریان دوسویه اطلاعات و تعاملات همکاری بین سازمانهای مذکور می باشد.

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